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Varadja

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Varadja, sometimes known as Khandish or Variag was the language of the Variags of Khand.

Originally the ancestors of the Variags had spoken an eastern tongue closely related to the Ioradja dialects of the Balchoth, but millenia in the neighbourhood of Mordor changed their tongue so it often sounded closer to the Black Speech or orcish dialects.Also close neighbourhood to the Haradrim added strong Haruze influences, especially in southern Khand.For written Varadja Variags used a script derived from mordorian Tengwar and Orcish Runes, the Script was also known as Variag-Tengwar or Khandian Letters.

Wordlist

Ata - exalted, godlike
Beg - Adviser, General-Regent
Kekhavrathí - Patriarch
Khand - Realm, Land
Khû(r)driag - King
Khûdriag-Ata - God-King
Medlóshad - Goldhorse
Noz - Knife
Orodriag - Prince, ruling Lord
Osvoda - Captain, Commander, Elite-Warrior
Osvodeg - Warlord, Leader
Peka - River
Tûmrakhi - Sauron
Ûbésêsh-ûta-Pavéter - Refuge from the Flailing Wind
Usriev - a double-bladed lance
Variag - Sworn-one, a pureblooded free man of Khand
Vracarathí - a sauronic Priestess

Names

Male: Alvrev Asdrionid Asternak Azzad Balun Begûlakaris Brodvaga Caljar Gorovod Harvâl Itana Jotaeseimu Kanhai Kashak Keiseimu Kionid Kongju Kundaj Kurubra Luthkan Mashak Mionid Nazog Nomid Odavith Olryag Omad Othour Ovag Ovatha Tarkhan Ûonid Urdrath Ûrig Ûvatha Vangaris Vronkhar Warlog Wastaph

Female: Aivaisa Dagharga Raishâ

Tribes/Clans: Akhev Ankiv Irbo Itakh Olêna Orath Ovan Ûdo Ûrpov

Speculations

The Terms "Variag" and "Khand" are the only words of the proposed language of Khand mentioned in Tolkien´s writings.The Term Variag seems to stem from "Varyag", the Russian variant of the old Norse Varangian (Sworn-one), the word "Khand" is sometimes compared to the Mongolic title "Khan", though it sounds like a Sanskrit word for "realm".Therefore the Variag Culture is often depicted as influenced by historical South-Eastern European and Inner-Asian cultures and Varadja is often influenced by real-world Russian, Mongolian, Sanskrit, and Old Norse.Other secondary sources also use vocabulary based on different modified Turk-languages.

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