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2ndage

Ambar in the Second Age

The Second Age Timreline

Khand

  • 262 - 68 Rakodsaol, leading the Ioriag, invades the central Talathrant valley, later to be known as Relmether, and obliterates its inhabitants. The Ioriags take many of the defeated as slaves.
  • c. 100 - 596 The ancient worship of Morgoth is fostered by Rakodsaol.He deifies himself and feeds on the Ioriag's reverence.
  • 596 The proud and haughty ancestors of the later Ioriags are overthrown by their fellow Ioriags and are forced to flee westward after the Battle of Amast Nurn (v.dewland bridge).
  • 596 - 99 The broken and divided Ioriag-Refuugees settle in the wide grasslands north of the Gap of Khaon. Rakodsaol encounters Tuilerwen and her feanturi steed, Tulrok. After a long struggle, Rakodsaol is defeated and sorely injured, yet Tulrok is slain. Rakodsaol hides in the Ered Harmal for many long years, nursing his grievous wounds.
  • 671 - 78 A Numenorean expedition, led by Er-Endohir of Nindamos, explores Central Middle-Earth. The contingent rides through the Gap of Khaon in 673 and encounters Ioriag raiders in the following year. Their strong arms and armor save them from slaughter and soon they push east eventually passing out of history.
  • 680 Two Ioriag tribes, the Ororath and the [[Omodath], migrate through the Gap of Khaon (v. Khaon Prakhod).
  • 750 - 80 Several more Ioriag tribes make their way south to avoid the aggressions of Meklak, settling along the Noz Peka and the fertile vales of the Ered Harmal. Fighting and raiding between tribes is incessant, each struggling for premium pastures and water supplies.
  • 500 - 1000 Sauron resurfaces in Endor and is soon, once again, bent on its domination. Through his works, many dark religions and ways flourish amongst the Aravador.
  • c. 900 The tribes of Khaon, long-steeped in dark worships, begin to lessen their warring ways and unite through their common religious beliefs. A true society begins as the first set of laws, devised by clan Vracarathi (V.Woman of Power), spreads through the tribal confederations. Sauron, passing through Khaon, has much influence on these developments. Moon -worshipping Haradrim clansmen, the Kibic, appear out of the southern desert and destroy the reign of the Narlthryg-worshippers in Near Harad
  • 930 In the valley of Khaon (v. Khaon Amu), on the southern edge of the plateau, a temple is erected from which tribal worship and justice is dealt out.
  • 900 - 1200 Some clans (v. porodithi) begin to adopt a more sedentary lifestyle. Khaon Amu is sown with seeds yielding rich crops.
  • 950-1000 Dwarves and Haradrim drive Ioriag raiders away from the eastern lowland reaches of the Ode Pezar and build the first towns of Lurmsakun, at the foot of the Plateau of Khaon.
  • c. 1000 Sauron, alarmed by the growing power of the Numenoreans, chooses Mordor as a land to make into a stronghold. He begins the building of Barad-dur.
  • c. 1050 Sturlurtsa is founded, owing to trade along the Noz Peka.
  • 1182 The Sefvracara, chief of the Vracara, travels to the site of Barad-dur under compulsion by Sauron, where she is instructed in techniques of construction. She returns to Ubesesh-uta-Paveter in 1286 and oversees the building of the Hron Tumrakhi (v. Temple of the Lord of Darkness)
  • 1250 Two small Numenoreon expeditions -- one marching eastward from the Nan Harnen, the other moving northward from the Bay of Ormal -- meet at Ovatharac, an oasis in Southern Khaon. After a very tense meeting with the local Ioriag Osvodar (v. Lord), they exchange gifts and establish agreements on trade. The Tengwar is first introduced to the Ioriags at this time.
  • 1260 - 70 The village of Laorki is established in Northeastern Khaon. Here, the tribes of Upper Khaon often hold gatherings and festivals.
  • 1200 - 1300 Ubesesh-uta-Paveter, in Khaon Amu, establishes itself as the religious capitol of Khaon. The worship of the Lord of Darkness -- an incarnation of Morgoth -- is the central pillar of the religion. Feogur subtlety re-establishes himself as one of the Ioriags' deities.
  • 1276 Akvoth Nikath of the Tumag Orod (v. tribe) lays claim to the city of Sturlurtsa and its surrounding lands. The Imavyon tribe resists Akvoth and are subsequently wiped out down to the last man and child. The four remaining Orod of Lower Khaon soon bow down to Akvoth's rule. Only the temple city of Ubesesh-uta-Paveter resists.
  • 1278 Akvoth leads his army to the gates of Ubesesh-uta-Paveter. Head priestess of the Temple of Darkness (v. Hron-Tumrakhi), Ada, greets Akvoth there and offers herself as a promise of fealty from the city. Akvoth agrees, taking Ada as a mate and becomes the first Khurdriag (v. King of all tribes) of the Kingdom of Khaon (v. Khaon-Khurvesra or Khurvesra-ot-Khond). First League of Princes is formed in Near Harad to oppose Ioriag expansion
  • 1279 Osvodar of the northern and eastern tribes meet in Laorki. They choose Nohoth Acheth to lead them in countering the aggression of their newly united southern brethren. Nohoth Acheth is the first to hold what is later to be known as the Laorki seat (v. Laorki Krostod).
  • 1283 Akvoths ambition to unite Khaon is forever thwarted when he is killed in the Battle of Two Kings (v. Drithak ot khur-thu). Akvoth's son and heir, Akul, sues Nohoth for peace. His request is granted.
  • c. 1480 The Autarb Karm of Nurn, secretly oath-sworn to Sauron, extends his domains from the northern reaches of Mordor across the Harnen and Pezarsan, subjugating both Nuzhaj and Kibic rulers. His oppressive rule bars most outsiders from entering these lands save along the river trading routes, effectively masking the workings of his master in Mordor.
  • 1602 Sauron, now wielding the one ring, appears to the High Priestesses of the Hron Tumrakhi and proclaims himself a manifestation of the Lord of Darkness. The priestesses pledge their devotion to their lord, binding themselves to Mordor for a millennium.
  • 1602 - 75 Sauron, via his priestesses, cements strong bonds with the Ioriags of Khaon. Religious fervor sweeps Khaon and many warriors journey to Mordor to serve in the ranks of the Dark Lord.
  • 1693 - 99 At Sauron's bidding, Ioriags join his armies in the assault upon Eregion.
  • 1700 A great fleet from Numenor lands at Lindon. The elves and men of Numenor unite to defeat Sauron.
  • 1701 Farijim, assisted by Numenorean adventurers, reclaim the Harnen valley and drive the Iorriags back into Khaon.
  • 1772-1803 Tuchik, the son of a Chailûzan warlord and a Farijim mother, leads a major migration of plains tribes into Lurmsakun. He subdues Pezarsan and Chelkar and defeats Amrun and allies lords of Haruzan. Since both Numenorean and Sauronic minions are slain in his wars, Tuchik becomes a legendary hero among the indigenous peoples of western Endor. After his death, most of his conquests in Near Harad are lost to local dynasties, but Numenorean influence is also reduced.
  • 1988 Battle of Noz Peka - Khodid is overthrown by Kionid's rebel army. Kionid is killed in the battle, leaving his younger brother, Mionid, to assume the throne. Following tradition, he orders Uvatha slain. Uvatha flees to Sturlurtsa.
  • 1989 Uvatha joins the army of the Khurdriag of Lower Khaon, Urig Urpof.
  • 1989 - 99 Uvatha's reputation grows, fed by his victories won against the Haradrim tribes of the south. Uvatha conquers Lurmsakun from the last of its Chailuzan-Farijim Warlords.
  • 1999 Uvatha is appointed Warlord (v. Osvodeg) of the Lower Khaon Army.
  • 2000 Uvatha deposes Urig, ending the Urpof Dynasty. Next he leads his army north and crushes the horse warriors of Upper Khaon and slaughters his uncle in the Battle. Khaon is united under one ruler for the first time in it's history.
  • 2002 Sauron gives the final ring of power to the new Ioriag Khurdriag.
  • 2000 - 3200 Khaon's first Great Age - With Uvatha leading, the Iorriag expand their borders deep into the north and south, exacting brutal tolls and steep tribute from their conquered enemies. Khaon-Khurvesra rises to empire. In the north, the Ioriag of later Nurad and the ancestors of the Asdriag lords fall under the Khaon's shadow. South of Khaon, the trade routes of the Ered Harmal fall within Uvatha's grasp, as do the tribes of the Clean and lands. Many princes of the Harad kneel before Khaon's might. Soon the Ioriag Empire stretches from the Oasis of Koanoz and Pelepelplu in the south, up to the banks of the Talathrant and the shores of the sea of Rhun in the north, bordered between by the Ered Harmal and the Deserts of Haradwaith. Many important trade routes pass through this vast region, each adding to the strength and riches of Uvatha's domain.
  • 2005-2031 The First Pezarsan Wars. Uvatha conquers Pezarsan and drives down the Harnen. Adunaphel of Vamag organizes a resistance among the Farijim after Amrun switches sides and the Numenorean governor of Umbar is slain in battle. Most of Pezarsan is free of the Ioriags after a relief force arrives from Numenor, but Adunaphel remains the most powerful force in Western Near Harad.
  • c.2100 Conflict between Uvatha and Adunaphel virtually ceases as their rings of power bring them both under Sauron’s control. Uvatha extends his power deep into central Harad.
  • 2155 - 2693 The First Chailzuzan Expansion The Chailuza, led by Ren Jey, the Fire King, attack to the northeast and southwest, conquering and incorporating the regions of later Dalpygis, Heb-Aaraan and Orgothraath into their kingdom. Thanks to Sauron's influence, there is little pressure from the Ioriag, allowing the Chailuzans conquests to proceed unimpeded.
  • 2295-2302 The Second Pezarsan War. The Numenorean expedition sent to hunt out the servants of Adunaphel defeats a Ioriag army and drives into Lurmsakun. A fifty year truce establishes extraterritorial rights for Numenoreans from the mouth of the Harnen eastward onto the Chailuzan Prairies.
  • 2374-84 The Third Pezarsan War. After local squabbles interrupt trade, the Numenoreans destroy the western army of the Ioriags, subdue the strategic city of Amrun, and establish the fortress of Tirith Argon at Amrun to watch over the western Farijim. Pezarsan is left under the rule of Farijim ‘Merchant Princes’ while Lurmsakun is left to Uvatha.
  • c.2380 The ancestors of the Asdriags and Odhriags are pushed further north by the Khaon-Ioriags.
  • c.2397 Many of the Ulgath are pushed northward by Ioriag expansionism and begin to move west toward later Dorwinion.
  • 2899 - 3261 The Second Chailuzan Expansion -- During this period, the Kingdom of Chailuza reaches its greatest size. Later Vaag, Acaana and Western Gaathgykarkan fall by S.A. 2936. Ren's armies then turn northward to concentrate on the incorporation of the later Kargagis Ahar and the rich territory of later Rycolis. These wars last two centuries. By S.A. 3260, Ren lays claim to the entire Talathrant Valley.
  • 3250 Uvatha leads his Ioriag across later Relmether and over the Talathrant. For the next two years, the Ioriag fight beside the Chailuzan warriors of the Fire King, leading to the Chailuzan conquest of the later Kargagis Ahar. These final battles come to be known by the Ahar as the First Ioriag Wars.
  • 3261 Ar-Pharazon, leading the vast Numenorean fleet, lands at Umbar. His army pushes deep into Endor, sending Sauron's servants fleeing before its might .
  • 3262 Numenorean armies drive as far as the Ered Harmal over the next few years, slaughtering the cream of the Farijim aristocracies and sacking most of their important cities, including Sturlurtsa.
  • 3319 The Downfall of Numenor -- Uvatha briefly returns to Sturlurtsa, then rides to Mordor to serve his master.
  • 3319 - 3434 Uvatha serves as a messenger and general, calling upon allies and organizing troops in preparation for the wars against the Last Alliance. During his absence Khaon's authority structure begins to crumble. Osvodar of regions distant from Khaon become more and more confident in their own power. By the early 3400's small dictatorships are splintering off the empire and many tribes are ruling themselves.
  • 3321 The Nuzhaj are revived in Near Harad. Harnendor, Pezarsan, and Lurmsakun are liberated from Dunadan colonials and Ioriags.
  • 3441 Barad-Dur is broken and Sauron is overthrown. Uvatha and the other Ulairi pass into shadow.

Near-Harad

  • c.350:  The first camel caravans begins crisscrossing Harad.
  • 500-1000:  Sauron resurfaces in Endor and is soon, once again, bent on its domination. Through his works, many dark religions and ways flourish amongst the Aravador.
  • c.600:  The Wandering Dwarves are the first to name the desert peoples the "Haradrim".
  • 680:  Two Ioriag tribes, the Ororath and the Omodath, migrate through the Gap of Khon (V. Khaon Prakhod).
  • c.710:  In the valley of Ayn Arom, where the northern and eastern branch of the Saromis meet, the Talmorng establishes the stronghold of Korb Devral. The Talmorng rules Men and the few surviving Devam followers.
  • c.730:  In response to an appeal from the Sinda of Edhellond, a fleet of swan-ships sent by Gil-galad and commanded by Glorfindel, is sent to confront the Talmorng, who foolishly considered the Noldo Host as weak and asked them to worship him. The Talmorng is defeated by Glorfindel, Captain of the Noldor.
  • c.730-740:  Civil war in the Realm of the Talmorng between the Heirs of the Talmorng, the Orag (Ha “the Spiritborn”) born of Devam and mortal women. Meklak son of the Talmorng seizes control of the Realm.
  • c.740:  The rules of Meklak the first Autarb (Ha “Greater Ordainer”, or “Lawgiver”) first established in Harad. His accomplishments (the building of stone-faced roads) are great, but his vices and evils are greater. The fear of war is replaced by the fear of the tyrant. Meklak declares all Dunedain as enemies of his realm.
  • 750-780:  Several more Ioriag tribes make their way south to avoid the aggressions of Meklak, settling along the Noz Peka (Ha “Saromis”, V “Knife River”) and the fertile vales of the Ered Harmal. Fighting and raiding between tribes is incessant, each struggling for premium pastures and water supplies. the Ioriag enslave or drive south the Apysaic tribes living on the borders of the Ered Harmal. These desert lands of the Haradwaith are renamed Kha-on (V “Land of Horses and Sun”).
  • c.860:  Captured by Meklak warriors on the Nen Umbar Bay of a Venturer ship, commanded by Baian of Syntar, a cousin to Prince Aldarion and a fiery spirit herself. Baian of Syntar kills Meklak.
  • 871-878:  A Numenorean expedition, led by Er-Endohir of Nindamos, explores Central Middle-Earth. The contingent rides through the Gap of Khaon in 873 and encounters Ioriag raiders in the following year. Their strong arms and armor save them from slaughter and soon they push south, to Harad.
  • c. 900:  The Ioriag tribes of Khaon, long-steeped in dark worships, begin to lessen their warring ways and unite through their common religious beliefs. A true society begins as the first set of laws, devised by clan Vracarathi (V.Woman of Power), spreads through the tribal confederations. Sauron, passing through Khaon, has much influence on these developments.
  • c..900:  Moon-worshipping Haradrim clansmen, the Kibic (a league of warriors and sorcerers, Ha “Righteous Followers”), appear out of the southern desert and destroy the reign of the Narlthryg-worshippers (Meklak and Orag Lords) in Near Harad. The middle Saromis is renamed Ode Pezar (Ha “River of the Knife”).
  • c.930:  The later Haruzani traditions (law, religion, trade) are established during the first century of Kibic rule. Development of the religion of Ladnoca the Moon Goddess, Vatra the Sun God, Arom the Huntsman, and Lilis, the Mother of Harvests and Keeper of Passions, for the most known.
  • c.930-1350:  The Farijim Kibic Heroic Age. War and strife between various kingdoms, city states and merchant leagues (as the Kibic never created a unified state).
  • c. 1000:  Sauron, the second of the Great Enemies of the Farijim, alarmed by the growing power of the Numenoreans, chooses Mordor as a land to make into a stronghold. He begins the building of Barad-dur.
  • 1033:  The Kibic, an alliance of Farijim lords manage to drive Ioriag raiders away from the eastern lowland reaches of the Ode Pezar. They gather the help of the Ehazt Dwarves and the southern Chailuzans of the Ered Harmal. The Kibic lords establish the new realm of Lurmsakûn, whose capital is the beautiful city of Korb Devral.
  • 1050:  Sturlurtsa (somewhat nicknamed the City of Terror by Farijim and Chailuzans), the chief Ioriag fortress city is built in a valley near the headwaters of the Ode Pezar. This is from that fortress that the Ioriag start their deadly offensive against Lurmsakûn and the southernChailuzan Empire.
  • 1050-1240:  The Farijim drive out the Orcs from Ausk Dubat, who are helped in secret by Sauron. This conquest is the last of the Heroic Age. The Farijim cleanse Ausk Dubat of it´s monsters, creating glorious legends in the process. The valley is renamed Chelkar (Ha “Sheltered Home”), and the river the Ode Auchel (Ha “River of the Great Sheltering”).
  • 1150:  The Kibic realms allow the Numenoreans (and especially the members of the Guild of Venturers) to found trading stations around the mouth of the Saromis., and authorize them to travel inland to Pezarsan and Lurmsakûn.
  • 1200:  Sauron as Annatar endeavors to seduce the Eldar. Gil-galad refuses to treat with him; but the smiths of Eregion are won over. The Numenoreans begin to make permanent havens.
  • 1250:  Two small Numenorean expeditions -- one marching eastward from the Nan Harnen, the other moving northward from the Bay of Ormal -- meet at Ovatharac, an oasis in Southern Khaon. After a very tense meeting with the local Ioriag Osvodar (v. Lord), they exchange gifts and establish agreements on trade. The Tengwar is first introduced to the Ioriags at this time.
  • 1281:  New military and religious orders are formed. The most important is the Nuzhaj (Ha “Brethren of Charity”), composed of warriors and priests dedicated to the harsher Haradon gods, particularly Vatra the Sun and Makusset the Speaker of Dooms. Their Holy Teachers preach Harad for Haradrim, and blame the Elves and the Numenoreans for all the evils that occurred in Haradwaith.
  • 1330-1350:  Except for some small Kibic realms in Pezarsan, riots occurs in all Kibic cities. All people who are fond for elvish songs or friendly with Numenoreans are condemned to death by the Nuzhaj. A new aristocracy replaces the Kibic lords.
  • 1350-1380:  All the Numenorean trading havens in Haruzan are unsuccessfully besieged by the Nuzhaj armies. Instead, the Nuzhaj appeases their fury on the Sakalai of the coastlands, nominally under Dunadan protection.
  • c.1400:  Brief Nuzhaj conquest of the Emyn Laer, never ruled by the Kibic and slaughter of the Donan fisher-folk and Hawnin elves. The Nuzhaj are repelled the following year by the Daen and Nandor populations.
  • 1477:  The Nuzhaj Etemeran (Ha “Warlords”) try to resolve their quarrels during a Conclave along the Huk Saromis near Nurn, but they are all slain or captured, and forced to declare Karm of Nurnas theAutarb of all Haruzan.
  • c. 1480:  The Autarb Karm of Nurn (from the Karmilan dynasty), secretly oath-sworn to Sauron, extends his domains from the northern reaches of Mordor across the Harnen and Pezarsan, subjugating both Nuzhaj and Kibic rulers. His oppressive rule bars most outsiders from entering these lands save along the river trading routes, effectively masking the workings of his master in Mordor.
  • c. 1500:  The elven-smiths, instructed by Sauron, reach the height of their skill. They begin the forging of the Rings of Power.
  • 1693-1699:  At Sauron's bidding, Ioriags, Farijim and Orcs join his armies in the assault upon Eregion.
  • 1700:  A great fleet from Numenor lands at Lindon. The elves and men of Numenor unite to defeat Sauron.
  • 1701-1770:  Farijim, assisted by Numenorean adventurers, reclaim the Harnen valley and drive the Ioriags back into Khaon. The Kings of Korb Taskrel become the most powerful rulers of Near Harad. The Farijim embarks on a crusade (the Zinazpesar, or “Laying of the Knife”) against the remaining Nuzhaj of Pezarsan and Lurmsakûn.
  • 1772-1803:  Tuchik Chailuzan, the son of a Chailuza warlord and a Farijim mother, leads a major migration of plains tribes into Lurmsakûn. He subdues Pezarsan and Chelkar and defeats Korb Taskrel (Amrun) and allies lords of Haruzan. Since both Numenorean and Sauronic minions are slain in his wars, Tuchik becomes a legendary hero among the indigenous peoples of western Endor. After his death, most of his conquests in Near Harad are lost to local dynasties, but Numenorean influence is also reduced.
  • 1882:  Mûrazôr relocates to Umbar, claiming royal authority on the basis of his command of the Venturers.
  • 1883:  Tar-Ciryatan quells Mûrazôr’s rebellion. The King rewards Imrazôr with the guardianship of Pelargir, but dissolves the Guild of Venturers.
  • 1914:  Adûnaphel arrives in Middle-earth and establishes her dominion from the ancient Daen/Farijim holy site of Vamag on the peninsula of Umbar, holding the coastlands as far north as Ethir Harnen. She takes the name of Ard Vedaraba (Ha “Ard (Adun) the Shining Lady”).
  • 1988:  Battle of Noz Peka – Khodid King of Upper Khaon is overthrown by Kionid's rebel army. Kionid is killed in the battle, leaving his younger brother, Mionid, to assume the throne. Following tradition, he orders Uvatha slain. Uvatha flees to Sturlurtsa.
  • 1989-1999:  Uvatha’s reputation grows, fed by his victories won against the Haradrim tribes of the south. Uvatha conquers Lurmsakûn from the last of its Chailuza-Farijim Warlords.
  • 1994:  Uvatha Achef besieges and sacks Hamat Maresh, the chief city of Lurmsakûn. Most of its population is sold into slavery. The Merchant Princes of Lurmsakûn and Pezarsan offer tribute and allegiance to the warlord.
  • 1999:  Uvatha is appointed Warlord (v. Osvodeg) of the Lower Khaon Army.
  • 2000:  Uvatha deposes and kills Urig, ending the Urpof Dynasty. Next he leads his army north and crushes the horse warriors of Upper Khaon and slaughters his uncle in the Battle of Olbarmal Plains (V. “Long Rider”). Khaon is united under one ruler for the first time in it's history.
  • 2000-3200:  Khaon's first Great Age - With Uvatha leading, the Ioriag expand their borders deep into the north and south (Lurmaskûn, Arysis and Siakan), exacting brutal tolls and steep tribute from their conquered enemies. Khaon-Khurvesra rises to empire. In the north, the Nuriag of Nurad and many Asdriag lords fall under the Ioriag shadow. South of Khaon, the trade routes of the Ered Harmal fall within Uvatha's grasp, as do the tribes of the Clean and lands. Many princes of the Harad kneel before Khaon-Khurvesra's might. Soon the Ioriag Empire stretches from the Oasis of Suda Cull and Pelepelplu in the south, up to the banks of the Talathrant and the shores of the sea of Rhun in the north, bordered between by the Ered Harmal and the Deserts of Haradwaith. Many important trade routes pass through this vast region, each adding to the strength and riches of Uvatha's domain .
  • 2002:  Sauron gives the final ring of power to the new Ioriag Khurdriag.
  • 2005:  The free cities of Chelkar become vassal of the Ioriag realm.
  • 2005-2031:  The First Pezarsan Wars. Uvatha conquers Pezarsan and drives down the Harnen. Adunaphel of Vamag organizes a resistance among the Farijim after Korb Taskrel (later called Amrun) switches sides and the Numenorean governor of Umbar is slain in battle. Most of Pezarsan is free of the Ioriags after a support force arrives from Numenor, but Adunaphel remains the most powerful force in Western Near Harad.
  • c.2100:  Conflict between Uvatha and Adunaphel virtually ceases as their rings of power bring them both under Sauron’s control. Uvatha extends his power deep into central Harad.
  • 2155-2693:  The First Chailuzan Expansion The Chailuza, led by Ren Jey, a.k.a. the Fire King, attack to the northeast and southwest, conquering and incorporating the regions of Dalpygis, Heb-Aaraan and Orgothroath into their kingdom. Thanks to Sauron's influence, their is little pressure from the Ioriag, allowing the Chailuzans conquests to proceed unimpeded.
  • 2221:  Upon Tar-Ancalimon’s ascension to the throne of Numenor, the Numenoreans are divided into two parties : the King’s Men and the Faithful. Many of the Faithful begin to emigrate to Pelargir to live under Imrazôr’s authority. Numenoran settlement of Eriador, Lebennin and Anfalas expands.
  • 2251:  Rebellion and division of the Numenoreans begins. About this time the Nazgûl or Ringwraiths, slaves of the Nine Rings, first appear.
  • 2280:  Adunaphel declares herself Autarb of all Haruzan, and orders to the Haruzani tribes to start an assault against Umbar. At Dagor-i-Glingalas (Battle of the Gleaming Stone), her troops are defeated. Adunaphel is forced to abandon her coastal dominion of Vamag for the safety of inland Lugarlûr in Chelkar, where she is soon known as the Dark Lady of Chelkar. The Numenoreans establish the domain of Harnendor. The Iant Carnen is built. Umbar is made into a great fortress of Numenor.
  • 2281:  Following the battle of the Gleaming Stone, the Numenoreans subdue the strategic city of Korb Taskrel, renamed Amrûn (S “Sunrise”), and establish the fortress of Tirith Argon at Amrûn to watch over the western Farijim. Gobel Ancalimon is founded as a Numenorean colony at Iant Harnen.
  • 2284-2285:  Construction begins on the Hyarmen. Fortification of Gobel Mírlond and Ramlond. Governors of Lower Harnendor (Gobel Ancalimon) and Upper Harnendor (Amrûn) are subservient to the governor of Umbar.
  • 2285:  The Numenoreans pave the Rath Khaon from Umbar to Amrûn.
  • 2287:  The Men Harnen built between Amrûn and Tharven.
  • 2295-2302:  The Second Pezarsan War. A Numenorean expedition is sent to hunt out the servants of Adunaphel in Pezarsan and defeats a Ioriag army and drives into Lurmsakun.
  • 2374-2384:  The Third Pezarsan War. After local squabbles interrupt trade, the Numenoreans destroy the western army of the Ioriags. A fifty year truce establishes extraterritorial rights for Numenoreans from the mouth of the Harnen eastward onto the Chailuza Prairies. Pezarsan is left under the rule of Farijim ‘Merchant Princes’ while Lurmsakûn is left to Uvatha.
  • 2899:  Ar-Adûnakhôr takes the scepter. As the persecution of the Faithful increases, many seek new homes in Endor and build manor or farms in Lebennin.
  • 2899-3261:  The Second Chailuzan Expansion. During this period, the Kingdom of later Chey Sart reaches its greatest size. Vaag Acaana and Western Gaathgykarkan fall by S.A. 2936. Ren's armies then turn northward to concentrate on the incorporation of the Kargagis Ahar and the rich territory of Rycolis. These wars last two centuries. By S.A. 3260, Ren lays claim to the entire Talathrant Valley.
  • 3102:  Ar-Gimilzôr places Pelargir under military supervision. Restrictions placed on the Pelargirian League dampens their trade along the Hyarmentie, to the profit of Farijim merchants.
  • 3230-3235:  The lords of Pezarsan declare themselves independent. Pharazôn, a nephew of Tar-Palantir who had made his reputation in several colonial wars, suppresses the revolt with fire and carnage. He plans a campaign against the Realm of Chelkar, but must renounce to his ambitions due to the force of Sauron’s vassal states.
  • 3250:  Uvatha leads his Ioriag across Relmether and over the Talathrant. For the next two years, the Ioriag fight beside the Chailuza warriors of the Fire King, leading to the Chailuzan conquest of the later Kargagis Ahar. These final battles come to be known by the Ahar as the First Ioriag Wars.
  • 3255:  Ar-PharazôntheGolden seizes the scepter. Sauron renews his claim to be the King of Men and Master of the World. An army composed of Men of Núrn, Ioriags, Farijim and Chailuzans move towards Near Harad.
  • 3261:  Ar-Pharazon, leading the vast Numenorean fleet, lands at Umbar. His army pushes deep into Endor, sending Sauron's servants fleeing before its might .
  • 3262:  Numenorean armies drive as far as the Ered Harmal over the next few years, slaughtering the cream of the Farijim aristocracies and sacking most of their important cities, including Sturlurtsa. Sauron is taken as prisoner to Númenor.
  • 3265:  Sauron and Ar-Pharazôn found the Cult of Melkor in Numenor. Faithfuls first, and captives from Endor second, are sacrificed to the glory of Melkor. The Farijim live in fear for five decades, but never without hope. The Faithfuls seek protection among the Elves, among the wild folk of Gondor or the urdwan of Harnendor.
  • 3265-3319:  Fuinur and Herumor, two descendants of Imrazôr, become the leaders of the nomads of Haruzan, assuming the names of Stormheart and Windsword. They lead a war against the slavers of Numenor.
  • 3310:  Ar-Pharazôn begins the building of the Great Armament.
  • 3319:  The Downfall of Numenor. Uvatha briefly returns to Sturlurtsa, then rides to Mordor to serve his master.
  • 3319-3434:  Uvatha serves as a messenger and general, calling upon allies and organizing troops in preparation for the wars against the Last Alliance. During his absence Khaon's authority structure begins to crumble. Osvodar of regions distant from Khaon become more and more confident in their own power. By the early 3400's small dictatorships are splintering off the empire and many tribes are ruling themselves.
  • 3320:  Foundation by Elendil of the Realms-in-Exile, Arnor and Gondor. Only Umbar, supported by a meager opposition in Pelargir and Belfalas, stands against Isildur and Anarion. Fuinur attempts to put himself as an alternative choice for renewing the Line of Kings, but he is ignored. Fuinur and Herumor steal the Karma of Aldarion, fleeing with their followers to Umbar, where civil strife has erupted between the adherents and opponents of the Cult of Melkor. Fuinur and Herumor play the deciding role in the defeat of the cult, and later use their newfound influence to establish a kingdom for themselves among the Farijim.
  • 3321:  A local Farijim hero, Akil, reestablishes the line of the Taskrel, the Stone Kings, in Amrûn. Korb Ugarta is refounded. The Nuzhaj are revived in Near Harad. Harnendor, Pezarsan, and Lurmsakun are liberated from Dunadan colonials and Ioriags.
  • 3322:  A Council of Captains, patterned after the old ruling council of the Guild of the Venturers, takes control of all the lands of the Nen Umbar.
  • 3345:  Uvatha returns to Sturlurtsa, and gathers the Ioriag tribes under his command. The cult of the Dark Lady rises again in Chelkar and Pezarsan, and subtly influence their Lords.
  • 3365:  The Eastern lands of Near Harad (Pezarsan and Chelkar) pay again tribute to the Ioriags.
  • 3400:  Fuinur sends an embassy to Isildur and Anarion, declaring his independence from their rule, and advocating a peaceful coexistence between Gondor, Umbar and Harad. Isildur and the Council of Pelargir grudgingly accept his terms, having neither the desire nor the strength to make war upon Umbar.
  • 3429:  Beginning of the Seventh War of Powers , known in the West as the War of the Last Alliance. The Taskreels of Amrûn take side with the forces of Ard and Uvatha. Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil. Anarion defends Minas Anor and Osgiliath, but Harithilien is ravaged by the forces of Sauron, led by Adûnaphel and Uvatha. Lebennin is also attacked, and Pelargir is unsuccessfully assaulted by Fuinur and Herumor’s forces, though the haven’s outer defenses suffer great damages.
  • 3434:  The host of the Alliance crosses the Misty Mountains. At Sauron’s defeat on the battle of Dagorlad, Fuinur withdraws to Umbar with the Karma of Aldarion then disappears. All Near Harad rises in revolt against the forces of the Shadow.
  • 3441:  Barad-Dur is broken and Sauron is overthrown. The Nazgûl pass into shadow.


Farthest East

unilateral surrender.


References

  • Jesse Dallin:Khand
  • Wes J. Frank: Near Harad

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