The Black Speech was a language devised by Sauron during the Dark Years to be the sole language of the servants of Mordor, replacing the many different varieties of Orcish and other languages. It may have been a standardised form of regional Orcish tongues combined with elements of Valarin, the Eldest Speech. see:
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"